- Trip Outline
- Trip Includes
- Trip Excludes
Tsum valley Trek is another interesting and beautiful trekking destination of northern parts of Gorkha District, Nepal. Tsum valley is also known as the Beyul Kyimolung, the holy hidden valley of happiness, first described by Guru Rimpoche (Padmasambhava) in the eighth century. It is also part of Manaslu Circuit Trek. ‘Tsum’ means ‘Tsombo’, in Tibetan word vivid in English. Traditionally, Tseum valley was culturally distinct geographical areas called “Tsum Tso Chucksu’s” which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. Milarepa meditated in the caves of Piren Phu and there are centuries old nunneries. It is a popular hidden valley ringed by the Boudha Himal and Himal Chuli to the west, Ganesh Himal to the South and Sringi Himal to the north. The altitude of Tsum Valley trek varies from 1905m in Lhokpa to over 5,093m at Ngula Dhojhyang pass on the Tibatan border. The Valley is bounded by three high passes – the Ngula Dhoj Hyang (5,093m) to the west and Yamdro Pass (5,326m.) to the north. Trails are strewn with artistic chortens and lined with mani walls carried with drawings of deities and inscribed with prayers. The Tibetan Buddhist culture is still very prevalent in Tsum and the scenery is just stunning, with beautiful forests and countryside, with Ganesh Himal towering above the valley. The local people are of Tibetan origin and practice Bon religion and speak their own dialect.
Many Trekkers combine the Tsum Valley with the Manaslu Circuit trek, which start from Gorkkha or Arughat and ending in Besisahar. You can catch a jeep further north from Dharapani onwards.
Trekking Grade: Moderate to Strenuous
Activities: Tour and Trekking
Maximum Altitude: 4,700m
Season: Spring and Autumn
Accommodation: Lodge Trek
Walking hour per day: 5 to 7 hours
Group Size: 6 to 12 peoples
Arrival at Kathmandu (1300m).At the airport; you will be meet by representative of our company and transferred to the Hotel, where you will meet us. A pre-trek briefing will be held at approx. 6:00pm to 7:00pm in the evening and is a great opportunity to get acquainted with your fellow group members before heading out to dinner. Welcome dinner at the authentic and typical Nepalese cusine with culutural dance.
Full day Guided tour in Kathmandu with City Tour GuideSWOYAMBHUNATH, also known as the monkey temple, is climbed by a long set of steps and has great views of Kathmandu. BOUDHANATH STUPA has many traditional Gompas hung with strings of multi-coloured prayer flags; it attracts many Sherpas and Tibetans for the circumambulations of the stupa (koras). PASHUPATINATH is a Hindu temple with burning Ghats on the banks of the Bagmati River. KATHMANDU DURBAR SQUARE, which is one of the old capitals of the Kathmandu valley, has a blend of Hindu and Buddhist temples
By Bus: Kathmandu to Gorkha (1,135m/140km)After a breakfast, drive to Gorkha Bazar, which is of 5 hours drive. Enroute, one can observe beautiful landscapes, various streams and following the bank of Darundi Khola. In the evening excursion to Gorkha Durbar at the top of hill, from where you will good mountain panaromic and sunset views.
By Jeep: Gorkha to Barpak (1,945m)Drive to Barpak after haveing big breakfast this morning; you drive to Barpak along the Darundi Khola and Ranglung Khola. You will have steep drive from Ranglung Khola to Barpak, the wonderful village of Barpak, situated perfectly on a green ridge overlooking the misty valley below. The villagers often organize "cultural shows", the proceeds of which go to improving the village, so we might be treated to one in the early evening. We are towered over by Bouddha Himal, a high, snow-capped peak which makes for wonderful sunrise and sunset photos.
Barpak to Laprak (2,150m)Another early start and a picturesque climb, with Bouddha Himal providing a spectacular back-drop to the sprawling, scenic Barpak as we ascend the narrow ridge; we take the small, stone trail to the right of the main trail after an hour or so, and a total of three hours later, we reach the ridge, officially a pass, Gupsi Dada (2,950m) which separates Laprak and Barpak, and are rewarded with panoramic mountain views along with herds of sheep grazing on the grassy hillsides from the peak. Bouddha Himal, Sringi Himal, Ganesh Himal and the Langtang range all span the horizon; a truly breath-taking view. The rhododendrons are blooming brilliantly in sprint season, in many hues of pink and red, around us, providing great photographs with the snow-peaks in back. Another steep down of an hour or two of trekking brings us down to another large Gurung village, Laprak. Again, we have the afternoon free to explore the village; take a walk down the hill and a look into some of the houses, all with symbolic murals on the mud-brick walls.
Laprak to Khorlabenshi (975m)We descend through Laprak's maze of village paths and then to the Jyabru Khola. After crossing a suspension bridge, we climb equally steeply back up, past terraced fields of pink sorghum and rice. We contour around several hillsides on a narrow trail, barely visible at times, up to a small chorten just below the village of Singla. From here, the going is easy, and we enjoy the views of Kutang Himal and Sringi Himal to the north as we walk down through more terraced fields and papaya trees, through the Gurung village of Khorla, and then down along a narrow, winding trail to Khorlebeshi on the Budhi Gandaki River. Take care as the rocky steps just before the long suspension bridge to Khorlabeshi are treacherous. Look out for the local women weaving straw mats in the village. We will probably get a visit in the evening from this village's cultural ambassadors, and perhaps have another show.
Khorlabenshi to Jagat (1,370m)A five hour day today, starting with an hour of walking along the river, by tobacco and buckwheat fields, past rocks washed smooth by the river, often climbing up stone steps, to reach the hot springs in the center of the small, terraced village of Tatopani, where can enjoy for a time to soak our grungy bodies in the gushing hot water, and then perhaps go for a swim in the icy river below, drying off on the wonderful river-side beach. A gentle climb through the woods past with a spectacular waterfalls, across an old, wooden suspension bridge and through a short section of forest path and we reach Dovan. Above Dovan, the Budhi Gandaki River descends in an impressive series of steep rapids. Here, our trail climbs high above the river to descend through the river calms. We cross the river on a long, new suspension bridge and climb high on stone steps before coming into our camp below Jagat, the entrance to the Manaslu Conservation National Park. It is worth wandering around this beautiful, paved village, where proud villagers have recorded how much they contributed to these paving schemes.
Jagat to Lokpa (2,240m)After descending a long series of stone steps back down to the river from Jagat, we climb on wonderful stone steps along a terraced hill-side to the small hamlet of Salleri, from where we can see the impressive view of Sringi Himal 7,187m. We pass through the charming, paved village of Sirdibas. We Cross the river again on a long, high suspension bridge at Ghata Khola, the path splits, with the right-hand branch heading off towards the Ganesh Himal. Our route continues upstream, and again we have a steep climb to reach Philim. We cross the river first at a narrow section of the gorge on a new suspension bridge, ascend gradually along a wide hillside through an open forest and then cross the river two more times in the next two hours on small. The first bridge sits at the intersection to Tsum valley, a remote valley leading to Tibet.
Lokpa to Chumling (2,386m)Descend through beautiful forest, crossing three side streams on bridges, circle under a huge bluff on the river then climb steeply on well-made but exposed stairs. After about 30mins start to traverse north through pines and rhododendrons, still climbing and with very steep slopes. The hidden valley of Tsum stretches enticingly ahead. Eventually descend to a lone Ghumlong (2130m) on the river. The path straight ahead climbs steeply to Ripchet (2470m) in about 1hr; the path to Chumling (2360m) crosses the Shiar Khola on a wooden bridge and up. After about 30mins below Chumling, the trail takes the level track to right (east) for 15mins to arrive at the last hotel in Tsum. In the evening visit the old monastery, the traditional houses, orchards, clinic and beautiful stone streets. This is Buddhist agriculture, with conical pine needle haystacks among the prayer flags. From here on trails are lined with artistic chortens and mani walls made of thousands of stone slabs carved with deities and prayers.
Chumling to Chhokangparo (3,031m)Today is an easier day than yesterday. Cross the suspension bridge just east and traverse through rich farming land of maize and potatoes. Cross a huge slip where rocks and flood cleared the area even up onto the opposite bank covered with a forest of new trees with superb views of Mt. Ganesh Himal. Cross the Serpu Khola and climb for 2.5hrs on well-graded but exposed track to upper Tsum and the large village of Chhokangparo, stone houses nestled under cliffs without a single iron roof. The valley opens here into spacious fields of barley, maize, buckwheat and potato. Herds of thar often graze the wild cliffs to the north; coming right down to the fields with impressive view of Mt. Himalchuli (7893m) can be seen down valley.
Chhokangparo to Nile (3,361m)Head east through small villages and past a local school, climb over a ridge of chortens and past Lamagaon (3,202m) through the flat fields, looking across the extensive crops and river to the huge courtyard of the Rachen Gompa (3,240m). Climb up and visit Milarepa’s Cave (Piren Phu), where the bringer of Buddhism to Tibet is reputed to have meditated. The cave is being extensively restored. Cross the Shiar Khola, pass through hamlets of Phurbe (3,251m) and Pangdun(3,258m) and pass an unusual round stupa before reaching the larger village of Chhule (3347m) through an impressive entrance gate. The children here all wear the Tibetan dressing gown called chubas and there are many yaks. Head upstream to cross the bridge and climb to Nile (3,361m). Both villages are in traditional style with inclusion of livestock compounds into the houses and sheltered verandahs for drying crops. It is too cold to want to use it if you are staying in people’s houses, and there is no privacy.
Nile to Mu Gompa (3,700m)From Nile the trail gradually ascends to Mu gumba, the largest monastery in the region. Mu Gumba is located at the highest and farthest point in the Tsum valley. Mu Gumba was established in 1895 AD and is situated at an altitude of 3700m.The monastery houses religious books, including Kangyur, a life sized statue of Avalokiteshwara and images of Guru Padmasambhava and Tara. Dephyudonma Gumba is one of the oldest monasteries in the Tsum Valley and is situated in the rugged mountains, a 2 hour walk from the village of Chhule and Nile. The history of this monastery is directly associated with the dawn of Buddhism in the valley. The monastery is run by Lama Serap of Nile Ladrang from the Kangin sect. There are a few campsites and drinking water facilities.
Mu Gompa to Rachen Gompa (3,240m)From Mu Gumba we take the trail to Rachen Gumba, a nunnery. The nunnery is situated in the Shiar Khola Valley in the foothills of the mountains bordering Nepal and Tibet. Rachen Gumba was established in the year 1905 AD and is one of the largest nunneries in the Tsum valley. It houses nuns belonging to the Ngak-pa sect, which does not allow animal slaughter. The nunnery houses one thousand clay, moulded statues of Avalokiteshwara, a brightly colored, carved throne and pillar, and a large prayer wheel. The interior is richly painted with murals about Buddhism and its history.
Rachen Gompa to Gumba Lungdang (3,200m)Descend on a narrow trail to along Shiar Khola. Cross the bridge to Dhumje (2,440m) which has a Tibetan herbal medicine clinic and school. The track onwards climbs just behind the clinic. Climb very steeply on an indistinct track through pines and rhododendrons until the track starts traversing at a mani wall with prayer flags. The track is exposed and narrow. Finally, in the pine forest, take an uphill trail and make a steep zigzag climb through huge silver pines to reach Gumba Lungdang (3,200m), perched on a ridge with small cells for the nuns through the beautiful rhododendrons above. This small gompa with 40 nuns has an intense and engrossing workship from 6.00-7.30pm each night. The mountain views in all directions are amazing and being here was the absolute highlight of our nine trips to Nepal.
Hike to Ganesh Himal Base Camp (4,200m)Cross the Lundang Khola to the west bank on a rickety wooden bridge and climb steeply through pristine pines and rhododendrons on a ridge. There is a hut in a kharka about halfway up, with the track continuing behind it, then up a birch-lined dry creek bed and eventually you emerge into grassy flats behind the lateral moraine of the Toro Gompa glacier. Continue climbing past seasonal yak huts and you will find a track on the moraine wall that gives superb views of the cirque of mountains. The camp is somewhere about here. It takes about 4hrs to reach the Ganesh Himal Base Camp. The map shows another base camp on the east side of the glacier, but there appears to be no obvious track between them, so return to Gumba Lungdang in time for the evening puja by retracing your steps. Altitude can make this day difficult for some, but the intact forest wilderness and views make it an outstanding trip.
Gumba Lungdang to LokpaThis can be a taxing day so start early. Descend from Gumba Lungdang by the upward track. Cross the Laudang Khola and stay on the south bank of the Shiar Khola (contrary to the map). Climb over some very deep gorges and shaky cantilever bridges to picturesque Ripchet (2470m; Ripche). Take time to look around at this perched fertile valley of barley and buckwheat with evocative chortens in the fields backed by pine forest. Descend on steep stairs to the lone local lodge Ghumlong (2130m) on the river, which you passed through seven days ago. Climb again through the pristine temperature forest to Lokpa (2240m) and enjoy a comfortable bed in the lodge there.
Lokpa to Tatopani (875m)From Lokpa, we trek to Tatopani (hot spring) about 7 to 8 hours; most of the trail is descending. You can relieve your tired muscles from many days by soaking yourself in the hot spring.
Tatopani to Sotikhola (720m)Today, we pass through terraced fields and tropical waterfalls cascading off soaring cliffs, rivers tumbling wildly down precipitous gorges and finally set up camp at the Soti Khola a Gurung Village. It is the last day of trekking. So you will have the last day of trekking celebration with the trekking crews
Drive back to Kathmandu from SotikholaWe will be ready at 6:00 morning to having breakfast or advice as your trekking guide or you’re wise. We will drive back to Kathmandu through the road passing terraces, streams, rivers, local settlements, high hills and along the same road. It takes about 8 to 9 hours (conditional) to reach your hotel in Kathmandu by bus/ jeep
Free day in Kathmandu for self shopping and other activities
Transfer to Kathmandu International airport for departure
- Airport pick up and drop on private vehicle
- Welcome dinner at Typical and authentic Nepalese kitchen with cultral show
- 4 nights Hotel Accommodation in Kathmandu on BB plan at twin sharing room
- One day full sightseeing in Kathmandu valley with English speaking Tour Guide
- All the entrance and momument fees in Kathmandu
- Transportation: Kathmandu to Barpak and Arughat to Kathmandu on private vehicle
- Completely lodges treks which includes Breakfast, Lunch, dinner and room during the whole trekking periods.
- Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP) entrance fees
- Special permit of Tsum Valley
- First aid and medical kits
- English Speaking Trekking Guide, Assistant Guide and Porter
- Accidental and medical Insurance of Nepalese staffs
- All the Nepal government and agency service charges
- Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu
- Rescue/ emergence and insurance cost
- Beverage and hard drinks and alcohol
- Nepal entry visa fee and airport tax during the departure.
- Personal equipments and personal expenses.
- Tips (usually people can keep US $2/day in total for tips and donation which is good amount)
- In case of natural calamities i.e. political unrest, cancellation of flight due to weather, landslides etc the extra charge should be born by themselves.
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